Diabetes explained

Diabetes – Before you begin  –  Please Read This Carefully. It Could Save Your Life !

While alone, you suddenly feel dizzy, shortness of breath, and a crushing pain in your chest, which radiates down your left arm.

You may be having a heart attack.

You have been trained in CPR, but the person who taught the course did not tell you how to perform it on yourself… What do you do?.


Since many people are alone when they suffer a heart attack without help, the person whose heart is beating improperly and who begins to feel faint, has only about 10 seconds left before losing consciousness.

  • However, you can help yourself by coughing repeatedly and very vigorously.
  • A deep breath should be taken before each cough, and the cough must be deep and prolonged, as when producing sputum from deep inside the chest.
  • A breath and a cough must be repeated about every two seconds without let-up until help arrives, or until the heart is felt to be beating normally again.
  • Deep breaths get oxygen into the lungs and coughing movements squeeze the heart and keep the blood circulating.
  • The squeezing pressure on the heart also helps it regain normal rhythm. In this way, heart attack victims can get to a hospital.

Tell as many other people as possible about this. It could save their lives too!


Diabetes is now a prevalent condition that affects millions of people. Many of you will have, or most of you will know, someone who has it.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is the name used to describe a metabolic condition of having higher than normal blood sugar levels. There are different reasons why people get high blood glucose levels and so a number of different types of diabetes exist.

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy.


The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.

When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should.

This causes sugars to build up in the blood, which can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Diabetes is predicted by a clear set of symptoms, but it still often goes undiagnosed.

The main 3 diabetes signs are:

  1. You will have increased thirst
  2. Increased need to urinate
  3. Increased hunger

Diabetes is becoming increasingly more common throughout the world, due to increased obesity – which can lead to metabolic syndrome or pre-diabetes leading to higher incidences of type 2 diabetes.

There are two main types of Diabetes

Diabetes Type 1 – Insulin dependent diabetes 

  • Type 1 – affects the body such that it can no longer produce insulin.
  • Type 1 – is an autoimmune disease that causes the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas to be destroyed, preventing the body from being able to produce enough insulin to adequately regulate blood glucose levels.
  • Type 1 – sometimes be referred to as juvenile diabetes, however, this term’s generally regarded as outdated as, whilst it is commonly diagnosed in children, the condition can develop at any age.

Because type 1 diabetes causes the loss of insulin production, it therefore requires regular insulin administration either by injection or by insulin pump.

Diabetes Type 2- noninsulin-dependent diabetes 

  • Type 2  –  A serious medical condition. It often requires the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, the development of type 2 diabetes and its side effects (complications) can be prevented if detected and treated at an early stage.
  • Type 2  – is one of the most common long-term health conditions.
  • Type 2  – is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels).  This  due to the body being ineffective at using the insulin it has produced; also known as insulin resistance.
  • Type 2  –  characterised by the body being unable to metabolise glucose (a simple sugar). This leads to high levels of blood glucose, which over time may damage the organs of the body.

Blood glucose levels must be checked daily with a glucose monitor.

You need to visit your Diabetes specialist every three months with a  HB A1C result. Your doctor will list the tests required.

The monitors below are easy to use and have simple to understand instructions on the results. Blood Glucose monitors are also available at most chemists and large pharmacies

  Blood glucose monitorblood sugar monitor